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  • Writer's pictureMarya Rasputina

Food security resource - sublimation of food

Sublimation of Food Products Maria Rasputina

Dr.Professor,

Institute of World Health Organization programs implementation, Serbia


Abstract

The problem of world hunger is a major concern of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

The United Nations has identified the 10 most food insecure countries as Congo, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Yemen, Myanmar, Syria, Sudan, Ukraine and Pakistan.

To solve this problem, we propose the creation of mobile units for sublimation of food waste in developed countries.

These mobile units can be placed near the largest food producers with large waste levels. And in places where food retail chains and restaurants are concentrated.

Logistics companies can transport freeze-dried foods to countries with famine emergencies, where they can be distributed or sold to retailers at low prices.

We propose to build a mobile plant in China or with the help of Chinese partners in a country close to Africa with relatively cheap labor.

The key idea is to create an organization that brings together equipment manufacturers, food manufacturers and retailers. This project should operate as an international blockchain network to reduce costs and make the process transparent.

This will be our good contribution to the WHO program for patient safety in the poorest countries of the world. Keywords: mobile plant, sublimation, food waste, blockchain.

Introduction

Sublimation of food products is a promising solution to address the hunger crisis in world and reduce the volume of food losses in developed countries. According to data from Juniper Research [1] blockchain technology can play a crucial role in optimizing supply chains and reducing food fraud, which could save the food industry $31 billion globally by 2024. In this report, we will explore the potential of blockchain technology in the food industry and how it can be used to optimize supply chains and reduce food losses[2]. We will also discuss the current state of hunger in world and how sublimation of food products can help alleviate the crisis.


Sublimation of Food Products for world and trends

Sublimation of food products is a technology that can help preserve food for longer periods of time. This is particularly important in Africa, where hunger is a major issue. According to the World Food Programme, 690 million people worldwide suffer from hunger, with 60% of them living in Africa[3]. In addition, a significant amount of food is lost in the world approximately 931 million metric tons[4]. For example, China and India produce more household food waste than any other country worldwide at an estimated 92 million and 69 million metric tons every year [4]. Sublimation of food products can help address these issues by preserving food for longer periods of time.

1. Statistics on hunger

According to the World Food Programme, 690 million people worldwide suffer from hunger, with 60% of them living in Africa[3]. This highlights the need for technologies that can help preserve food for longer periods of time.

2. Numbers on food loss in developed countries

The global population produced approximately 931 million metric tons of food waste in 2019. This represented roughly 17 percent of total food made available. Household food waste was the main source of food waste that year, accounting for 61 percent of the total. The second main source of food waste was the foodservice sector.[4] China and India produce more household food waste than any other country worldwide at an estimated 92 million and 69 million metric tons every year, respectively.[4]

3. Data on the preservation of food products through sublimation technology

Sublimation of food products is a technology that can help preserve food for longer periods of time. Freeze-drying is one of the best methods of water removal, with final products of the highest quality[3]. Freeze-drying can be applied to a variety of plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables, and specialty foods[3]. In addition, freeze-drying can help preserve the biocompounds in these foods, such as their antioxidant activity[3]. Freeze-drying can also be used to preserve meat and seafood products[6]. Sublimation powder market predicted to advance at 7,2% CAGR [5]. 4. Data on how blockchain technology can help reduce costs and improve supply chain transparency

Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize supply chain management by providing increased transparency, security, and efficiency[6]. Here are some ways in which blockchain technology can help reduce costs and improve supply chain transparency:

4.1 Reducing administrative costs: By digitizing and automating supply chain processes using blockchain technology, administrative costs can be reduced, and paperwork can be eliminated, saving time and resources[6].

4.2 Improving inventory management: Blockchain can be used to track inventory levels and optimize inventory management processes, reducing inventory costs and improving supply chain efficiency[6].

4.3 Enhancing traceability: Blockchain can enable faster and more cost-efficient delivery of products, enhancing products' traceability, and improving supply chain transparency[7][8].

4.4 Ensuring ethical sourcing: Blockchain can be used to provide transparency and traceability in the sourcing of raw materials, enabling companies to ensure that their products are ethically and sustainably sourced[6].

4.5 Reducing fraud and counterfeiting: Blockchain can enhance transparency and traceability in supply chains, reducing fraud and counterfeiting, and ensuring ethical sourcing.

4.6 Increasing trust, visibility, and transparency: Blockchain technology can achieve a high degree of trust, accuracy, and transparency, and real-time tracking of products, data, owners, and actions taken at any stage, which can significantly improve supply chain performance[9].

Overall, blockchain technology can help reduce costs and improve supply chain transparency by streamlining inventory management, enhancing traceability, ensuring ethical sourcing, reducing fraud and counterfeiting, and increasing trust, visibility, and transparency[6]. Conclusion

In conclusion, sublimation of food products is a technology that can help address the issue of hunger in world and reduce food waste in developed countries. By preserving food for longer periods of time, sublimation technology can help ensure that more people have access to nutritious food. In addition, the implementation of blockchain technology in the food supply chain can help reduce costs and improve transparency, further improving the efficiency of the food industry.

Bibliography

[1] Blockchain to save the food industry $31 billion by 2024. Juniper Research. 25th November 2019

[2] Blockchain Technology in the Food Industry: A Review of Potentials, Challenges and Future Research Directions. by Abderahman Rejeb , John G. Keogh, Suhaiza Zailani, Horst Treiblmaier and Karim Rejeb 26 October 2020

Available: https://www.mdpi.com/2305-6290/4/4/27

[3] Freeze-Drying of Plant-Based Foods. by Sagar Bhatta , Tatjana Stevanovic Janezic and Cristina Ratti. 13 January 2020

[4] Annual household food waste produced in selected countries worldwide as of 2020*(in million metric tons per year) by Ian Tiseo, Feb 6, 2023

[5] Freeze-dried powder market by S.N. Jha Associate Vice President at Fact.MR, 2023

[6] Top 10 uses of blockchain in supply chain By Sean Ashcroft, 2023

Available: https://supplychaindigital.com/top10/top-10-uses-of-blockchain-in-supply-chain

[7] Building a Transparent Supply Chain by Vishal Gaur and Abhinav Gaiha, 2020

[8] Using blockchain to drive supply chain transparency by Wendy Henry, Rachana Kathawate, Erik Chen and Josh Coulter, 2020

[9] How blockchain technology improves sustainable supply chain processes: a practical guide



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